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Many multinationals, including banks such as Morgan Stanley, Santander, and HSBC, remain listed as sponsors of the event, which was originally due to be held at the American Museum of Natural History in New York but had to change venue after protests.
The debate surrounding the event has echoes of the corporate boycott of Brunei-owned hotels which came about after protests against laws criminalising LGBT people under threat of the death penalty, and has shown how placing pressure on corporations to live up to their public statements on diversity can cause them to pull their accounts. We have families. He has previously said he would rather his son died than be gay and that same-sex couples living in an apartment block can cause house prices to fall.
This will have serious consequences, even in terms of the economy and trade. His father Percy Geraldo Bolsonaro died in His first name is a tribute to Jair da Rosa Pinto , football player for Palmeiras at the time of Bolsonaro's birth and who celebrated his 34th birthday on the same day.
In , he went to the Academia Militar das Agulhas Negras Brazil's main military academy , graduating in , as an Artillery officer. His superior officers said he was "aggressive" and had "excessive ambition to get financial and economical gain". Bolsonaro's first rise to publicity came in when he gave an interview to the news magazine Veja. He complained about low military salaries and claimed that the High Command was firing officers due to budgetary cuts and not because they were displaying 'deviations of conduct', as the command was telling the press.
In October , Bolsonaro faced a new accusation. Veja reported that, with an Army colleague, he had plans to plant bombs in military units in Rio de Janeiro. After Bolsonaro called the allegation "a fantasy", the magazine published, in its next issue, sketches in which the plan was detailed. The drawings had been allegedly made by Bolsonaro. Official records unearthed by the newspaper O Estado de S. Paulo in detailed the case.
According to this board, Bolsonaro had a "serious personality deviation and a professional deformation", "lack of moral courage to leave the Army" and "lied throughout the process" when denying frequent contacts with Veja. The Supreme Military Court then analyzed the case. The general in charge of reporting the case voted to acquit Bolsonaro, arguing that he had already been penalized for the initial Veja article, that there was no testimonial evidence of his plans to plant bombs, and that there were "deep contradictions in the four graphological exams", two of which failed to conclude that Bolsonaro was the author of the sketches.
Bolsonaro was acquitted by the majority of the court 9 x 4 votes. In December , just after this ruling, he left the Army to begin his political career. He served in the military for 15 years, reaching the rank of captain. His entry into politics happened by chance, for his desire was to continue in his military career". He spent only two years in the Municipal Chamber of Rio de Janeiro.
He was described as a quiet, discreet and conservative councilor, and showed little participation. In the elections, Bolsonaro was elected a federal deputy for the Christian Democratic Party. He served seven consecutive terms, from to He has been affiliated with several other Brazilian political parties over the years. In , he was the congressman who gained the most votes in Rio de Janeiro, with , In his 27 years of service in the Brazilian National Congress , he put forward one constitutional amendment and at least bills, two of which became law.
His coalition name was "Brazil above everything, God above everyone" Brasil acima de tudo, Deus acima de todos. According to political pundits, Bolsonaro moderated his tone early in the campaign, taking a less aggressive and confrontational style. Economically, he started to support less government intervention in the economy in contrast to the past, when he defended developmentalist policies.
On the other hand, he maintained his tough stance on crime and his defense of "traditional family values". He also said he would work to diminish the federal government's size and bureaucracy by enacting a wide variety of deregulation measures.
On 9 August , Bolsonaro attended the first presidential debate of the year, organized by the TV network Rede Bandeirantes. The first round of the election occurred on 7 October In the speech, he threatened to arrest, purge or kill "reds" and "petralhas" a derogatory term for Worker's Party's members , and promised that members of the social movements MST and MTST would be treated as "terrorists".
He said: "This time, the clean-up will be even greater. This group ["reds"], if they want to stay, will have to abide by our laws These red outlaws will be banned from our homeland. Either they go overseas, or they go to jail Petralhada, you all go to the edge of the beach. It will be a cleaning never seen in the history of Brazil". Bolsonaro won the runoff election with During the campaign, academics repeatedly raised concerns about the consequences of Bolsonaro's rise for the Brazilian democracy.
In the news magazine Foreign Policy , Federico Finchelstein , a historian at the New School for Social Research who specializes in fascism, wrote, "Bolsonaro's vocabulary recalls the rhetoric behind Nazi policies of persecution and victimization. But does sounding like a Nazi make him a Nazi? Insomuch as he believes in holding elections, he is not there yet. However, things could change quickly if he gains power.
Another highly controversial aspect of the campaign was the alleged use of illegal digital communication strategies by some of Bolsonaro's most important financial supporters. According to an investigation by Folha de S. Paulo , one of Brazil's best-selling newspapers, "Bolsonaro has been getting an illegal helping hand from a group of Brazilian entrepreneurs who are bankrolling a campaign to bombard WhatsApp users with fake news about Haddad.
Bolsonaro was stabbed in the abdomen on 6 September while campaigning and interacting with supporters in Juiz de Fora , Minas Gerais. According to the doctors, he was in an "extremely stable" condition. His social media posts included political criticisms of both Bolsonaro and Temer. Bolsonaro did not appeal the decision. On 29 September, a month after the attack, Bolsonaro was released from the hospital and returned to his home in Rio de Janeiro.
His condition prevented him from returning to the campaign trail for the remainder of the first round of the presidential election. The first federal police investigation into the attack concluded that the attacker acted alone, but the investigation "leaves out many issues". For this, expert medical examination of Bolsonaro and review of the medical records would be needed.
His predecessor, Michel Temer , had a cabinet of 29 members. Bolsonaro's cabinet is composed of 16 ministers, two cabinet-level positions, and four presidential secretaries, including Chief of Staff Onyx Lorenzoni. Early in his administration, Bolsonaro focused primarily on domestic and economic issues, ranging from tax reform to changes in social security, but he faced an uphill battle with Congress.
Critics feared that such integration would lead Brazilian Amerindians to suffer cultural assimilation. Since his election, his popularity is steadily declining. This was the first time more Brazilians rejected the politics of Bolsonaro than affirmed it. His party was accused of diverting public campaign funds to candidates who did not run for office.
Throughout the COVID pandemic in Brazil , Bolsonaro and his administration have been accused of downplaying the crisis while the number of Brazilians infected by the virus climbed exponentially by mid In August , in the middle of the pandemic, Bolsonaro's approval rating showed signs of recovery, reaching its highest level since his inauguration. In early , Bolsonaro's approval ratings fell again, mostly due to the government's response to the COVID pandemic, vaccination controversies, and the concurrent economic crisis that evolved under his watch.
YouTube has reportedly removed 15 videos altogether; one that was removed had shown that Brazil's former health minister, Eduardo Pazuello , comparing the virus to HIV. By the end of June , more members of the opposition started to call for his impeachment over his handling of the pandemic and spreading misinformation. The opposition signed a document with multiple accusations, such as blaming Bolsonaro for the deaths of , Brazilians from COVID, stating that his government had blatantly turned down expert advice on tackling the virus, and at least 20 other grievances.
In July , Bolsonaro claimed on Brazilian radio that his government's greatest achievement was "two and a half years without corruption". After months of denying offers of vaccines and bartering the costs, Bolsonaro's government made a deal to buy the unapproved Covaxin vaccine from the Indian company Bharat Biotech at a very high price.
A day later, the leaders of the army, air force, and navy all resigned. The parade had been held annually in the last 30 years, but tanks had never been sent to the capital before. The parade was announced only a day in advance, and passed by the national congressional building, where lawmakers were due to vote on Bolsonaro's proposed election-related changes hours later. The lawmakers ultimately rejected the changes.
In early August , Bolsonaro threatened to respond with unconstitutional measures to an investigation of his baseless allegations of fraud vulnerabilities in Brazil's electronic voting system, because he deemed that investigation unconstitutional. On 26 October , a senate committee approved a report calling for Bolsonaro to face criminal charges, including crimes against humanity, for his handling of the COVID pandemic. He had previously considered returning to the Progressistas , of which he was a member from to and from to Bolsonaro's political views have been described as nationalist and populist in nature, and he himself as an advocate of far-right policies.
Bolsonaro is viewed as a pro-life ,  anti-establishment and pro-gun politician, voicing opposition to most forms of gun control legislation, arguing that law-abiding citizens have the right to self-defense, especially those living in rural areas.
He has called for police to use more lethal force and wants to relax gun laws so that average citizens can defend themselves. Jair Bolsonaro is known for his strong opposition to left-wing policies. Most notably, he has been a vocal opponent of same-sex marriage ,  environmental regulations,  abortion,  affirmative action particularly racial quotas ,  immigration  particularly from Haiti, Africa and the Middle East, which he once called "the scum of humanity" ,  drug liberalization ,  land reforms,  and secularism at the federal level,  among other things.
In a interview with journalist Claudio Dantas Sequeira from O Antagonista , Bolsonaro said that his views are directly aligned with the centrist to right-wing United States citizens' views on gun ownership, abortion, gender politics, and trade, despite the "left-leaning media frenzy" against him. He reiterated that he intends to reverse some disarmament laws, improve public security, and also improve trade ties with the United States, which he said were broken during Lula da Silva 's and Dilma Rousseff 's administrations.
Bolsonaro has, during his long political career, expressed views regarded as being far-right. Journalist Glenn Greenwald called Bolsonaro "the most misogynistic, hateful elected official in the democratic world". Bolsonaro is an open admirer of former U. President Donald Trump.
During Bolsonaro's campaign, some observers saw similarities between the two's ideals, hardline attacks and a reputation for incendiary rhetoric, as well as social media presence. Because of this, Bolsonaro has been called the Brazilian equivalent of Trump or the "Trump of the Tropics". Throughout his political career, Bolsonaro has made several admiring comments about the U. He said in , eight years after the return of democracy, that the military regime had "led to a more sustainable and prosperous Brazil".
Bolsonaro has also repeatedly made admiring comments about a number of other Latin American dictatorships. He praised Peruvian president Alberto Fujimori as a role model for his use of military intervention via self-coup against the judiciary and legislature. Speaking before his vote in favor of President Dilma Rousseff's impeachment amid the massive corruption scandal , Bolsonaro paid homage to Colonel Brilhante Ustra , an agent of Brazil's military dictatorship , and announced on the floor of the Chamber of Deputies that he was dedicating his pro-impeachment vote to Ustra's memory.
Left-wing deputy Jean Wyllys spat at him after his statement during the same session. The congressman claimed to have suffered homophobic offenses from Jair Bolsonaro and his allies. As of [update] , he appeared to have changed his mind, and said that if someone becomes the head of the country, it would be through voting.
During the presidential campaign, Bolsonaro said he would make considerable changes to Brazil's foreign relations, saying that the " Itamaraty needs to be in service of the values that were always associated with the Brazilian people".
He also said that the country should stop "praising dictators" and attacking democracies, such as the United States , Israel and Italy. Bolsonaro said that his first international trip as president would be to Israel. Bolsonaro also praised U. President Donald Trump and his foreign policy ,  and has been called "the tropical Trump". PSL members said that if elected, he would dramatically improve relations between the United States and Brazil.
National Security Advisor John Bolton praised Bolsonaro as a "like-minded" partner and said his victory was a "positive sign" for Latin America. Although he does not have plans to leave the Mercosur , he criticized it for prioritizing ideological issues over economic ones. Bolsonaro praised British Prime Minister Winston Churchill , saying that he had learned from Churchill: "Patriotism, love for your fatherland, respect for your flag — something that has been lost over the last few years here in Brazil With formal U.
Brazil had already removed the need for visas for people from the U. Brazil has the world's largest tropical rainforest in the Amazon basin. According to The Washington Post , "Bolsonaro is a powerful supporter of agribusiness [ He has also come out strongly against lands reserved for indigenous tribes.
Bolsonaro advisers additionally say that he plans to expand nuclear and hydroelectric power into the Amazon. Bolsonaro rejects the scientific consensus on climate change. He repeatedly threatened to withdraw from the Paris Agreement during his campaign. The museum's directorate justified its decision in a statement, "With mutual respect for the work and goals of our organizations, we jointly agreed that the Museum is not the optimal location for the Brazilian-Am.
Chamber of Commerce gala dinner. This traditional event will go forward at another location on the original date and time. Bolsonaro rejected the agency's data as false. Bolsonaro is a member of the Catholic Church while his wife and one of his sons are Evangelical Christians.
There is no such thing as a secular state. The state is Christian, and any minority that is against this has to change, if they can. Even for atheists. In an interview with Zero Hora in , Bolsonaro argued that men and women should not receive the same salaries, because women get pregnant, adding that he believes federal law mandating paid maternity leave harms work productivity. In a public speech in April , Bolsonaro said he had five children, that the first four were male and that for the fifth he produced a daughter out of "a moment of weakness".
The Supreme Court ruled that he had potentially incited rape and defamed the honor of his fellow Deputy. He faced a penalty of up to six months of jail and a fine. In May , after then-President Fernando Henrique Cardoso attended a pro-gay-marriage gathering, Bolsonaro said, "If I see two men kissing in the street, I will beat them. In a June interview with Playboy , Bolsonaro said, "I would be incapable of loving a gay son", and added that he would prefer any gay son of his "to die in an accident".
In British actor Stephen Fry 's documentary Out There , Bolsonaro said, "no father is ever proud of having a gay son" and "we Brazilians do not like homosexuals". In a March video interview for Vice with Elliot Page , an openly lesbian actress at the time, Page asked Bolsonaro whether he should have been beaten as a child alluding to Bolsonaro's public statements that gay children should be beaten.
Bolsonaro replied, "You are very nice. If I were a cadet in the military academy and saw you on the street, I would whistle at you. All right? You are very pretty. Judge Luciana Teixeira said that the deputy had abused his right of free expression to commit a wrongful act. However, on 11 January , when he began to present himself as a pre-candidate to the Presidency of Brazil , Bolsonaro began to moderate his discourse on gay people by publishing a video on his official YouTube channel:.
I have nothing to do with anyone's behavior. If the man and the woman later decide to live with their partner, to form a couple, to live with a same-sex person, go and be happy. But we cannot admit that, by our omission in the Parliament, children become homosexuals in the future, or have such homosexual behavior in the future, by the influence of school. That is inadmissible. Since then, Bolsonaro states he has nothing against gays and that he fights only the "gay kit" in schools.
Each person, after a certain age, owner of their acts, will take care of their life. For six-year-old children, it cannot be. A father does not want to come home and see his son playing with a doll by the influence of school. Homosexuals will be happy if I become president. That same month, shortly before the first round of the Brazilian presidential elections, he said: "We are going to make a government for everybody.
For gays, and some gays are fathers, who are mothers. It is a work for everyone". And if [such aggression is committed] for a reason like this, you have to have your sentence increased. On multiple occasions, Bolsonaro has publicly endorsed physical violence as a legitimate and necessary form of political action.
In , when he was 44 years old and a representative in the Brazilian Congress, Bolsonaro said during a TV interview that the only way of "changing" Brazil was by "killing thirty thousand people, beginning with Fernando Henrique Cardoso " then President of Brazil. In , talking about Chico Lopes , a former president of the Brazilian Central Bank who invoked his right to remain silent during a Congress hearing, Bolsonaro declared himself in favour of torture in this sort of situation.
You have to take brutal measures, which some consider torture". Bolsonaro provoked considerable controversy for public remarks made in July , where he proposed to provide poor people with birth control methods, who he suggested might be too uneducated to understand family planning education. Bolsonaro said:. I wish Brazil had a family planning program. It's not even worthy to talk about education when most of these [poor] people are not prepared to receive education, therefore they won't educate themselves.
Only rigid birth control can save us from chaos. An educated man and woman will hardly desire an extra child with the sole purpose of engaging in a social welfare assistance program [as it is nowadays].
We need to adopt a rigid birth control policy. We can't make demagogic speeches any longer, proposing bills and means of government to support these poor people [who] are increasingly proliferating throughout the country. This is what I stand for and I'm not worried about getting votes in the future. Methods [of birth control] have to be provided for those who, unfortunately, are ignorant and have no means to control their offspring.
Because we [as upper-middle class] can control ours. Poor people don't control [theirs]. As a Congressman, Bolsonaro put forward three bills trying to remove "virtually all" legal restrictions to surgical sterilisation via the public health system, including the reduction of "the minimum age of sterilization to 21 years".
Bolsonaro has been married three times and has five children. His second marriage was with Ana Cristina Valle with whom he has a son, Renan. In , he married his third and current wife Michelle de Paula Firmo Reinaldo with whom he has a daughter, Laura. While working in Congress, Bolsonaro hired Michelle as a secretary and over the next two years she received unusual promotions and her salary more than tripled.
He was forced to fire her after the Supreme Federal Court ruled that nepotism is illegal in the public administration. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. President of Brazil since For other people with the same surname, see Bolsonaro surname. His Excellency. See list. Ana Cristina Valle. Michelle de Paula. Jair left with his parents at the Agulhas Negras Military Academy in Main article: Jair Bolsonaro presidential campaign.
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News, analysis and comment from the Financial Times, the worldʼs leading global business publication. The chief executive of Petrobras has been fired after only weeks in the job, making him the third boss of the Brazilian state-controlled oil. With a tough election battle next year, the far-right president has turned to the establishment for salvation.